GT Comparisons of Liners in the Past Below 10,000GT

Here is a listing of liners that were less than 10,000 gross tons. It follows the standard of the book, “The Great Passenger Ships of the World” by Frank Heine and Frank Lose that only list ferries that are over 10,000 gross tons.

26686290625_f5eea5f3fc_z

The 2nd Edition of the book

I tried a lower cut-off of just below 3,000 gross tons to include some notable examples. I also included some overnight ships so one can compare them to the smaller liners (and this has bearing on the argument that some overnight ferries are actually fit to be small liners). In this range there is more comparability as the sample is bigger compared to the 10,000 plus GT range. Below 3,000 GT the ships are sometimes too indistinguishable in size.

I did not seek to include all the liners in the past as the list will only be cluttered. The list concentrated on liners of the recent past (which many still have memory of) plus some examples like the flagship Filipinas of Compania Maritima to show how they stack up to more recent liners.

The list is not complete as there were older liners that are in the 3,000 to 10,000 range but I did not include them like the former “C1-M-AV1” ships because the period of comparison will then be too extended in terms of period.

Of course, many a ridiculousness will be noted by the readers who have knowledge of liner shipping. But that is the penalty of not declaring the gross tonnages properly. The penalty also includes not being included in the books “The Great Passenger Ships of the World” (as in Negros Navigation does not have a single entry in the First Edition of that book).

The measurements in the third column are that of Length x Breadth x Depth, a standard description and comparison of size. Gross Tonnage (GT) is the cubic volume of the ship which is the accepted measurement of the size of a ship. The figures are all based on officially declared and accepted GTs by MARINA.

27543578116_d119dc25a3_z

SuperFerry 3 by Ray Smith

I used the names and the specs when they were first registered here because any misdeclaration starts from there. In ship transfers, the former declared measurements are just carried over into the new owner.

SuperFerry 3

Aboitiz Shipping Corp.

118.0m x 20.4m x 12.7m

9,847 GT

5,885 GT

St. Michael The Archangel

Negros Navigation Co.

150.9m x 25.0m x 13.3m

9,654 GT

9,447 GT

Princess of the World

Sulpicio Lines Inc.

166.0m x 24.0m x 9.7m

9,623 GT

9,235 GT

SuperFerry 1

Aboitiz Shipping Corp.

132.4m x 20.0m x 13.0m

9,184 GT

4,886 GT

Virgin Mary

MBRS Lines

127.7m x 18.3m x 11.0m

9,035 GT

9,035 GT

Cotabato Princess

Sulpicio Lines Inc.

149.1m x 22.8m x 7.3m

7,977 GT

6,521 GT

Sta. Ana

Negros Navigation Co.

107.3m x 20.4m x 8.0m

7,909 GT

6,000 GT

Mabuhay 3

William Lines Inc.

157.1m x 20.2m x 7.4m

7.878 GT

lengthened

Mary Queen of Peace

Negros Navigation Co.

159.5m x 21.5m x 9.0m

7,610 GT

9,551 GT

Mary The Queen (2)

Romblon Shpg Lines

138.3m x 20.5m x 13.7m

7,504 GT

7,053 GT

Princess of the Ocean

Sulpicio Lines Inc.

126.1m x 22,0m x 8.1m

7,297 GT

6,150 GT

Mabuhay 5

William Lines Inc.

141.5m x 23.0m x 7.4m

7,268 GT

5,439 GT

Super Shuttle RORO 3

AMTC

128.8m x 19.9m x 6.8m

7,023 GT

7,023 GT

Our Lady of Akita

CAGLI

162.1m x 26.4m x 7.3m

7,019 GT

8,194 GT

Our Lady of Lipa

CAGLI

124.2m x 16.8m x 6.4m

6,911 GT

4,973 GT

Maynilad

William Lines Inc.

140.5m x 20.5m x 11.9m

6,835 GT

4,997 GT

Princess of the South

Sulpicio Lines Inc.

141.3m x 22.7m x 12.7m

6,773 GT

6,773 GT

Sugbu

William Lines Inc.

137.5m x 20.2m x 6.8m

6,624 GT

4,999 GT

SuperFerry 11

WG&A

143.4m x 16.8m, 9.6m

6,528 GT

4,929 GT

St. Peter The Apostle

Negros Navigation Co.

151.5m x 22.8m, 7.3m

6,090 GT

6,950 GT

St. Joseph The Worker

Negros Navigation Co.

151.5m x 22.8m, 7.3m

6,090 GT

6.939 GT

San Lorenzo Ruiz

Negros Navigation Co.

132.1m x 22.7m, 12.8m

6,051 GT

6,844 GT

San Paolo

Negros Navigation Co.

118.0m x 20.4m, 8.0m

5,908 GT

5,956 GT

St. Francis of Assisi

Negros Navigation Co.

140.1m x 18.5m, 7.0m

5,873 GT

6,801 GT

Zamboanga City

William Lines Inc.

117.1m x 19.0m, 7.1m

5,747 GT

4,188 GT

Mabuhay 6

William Lines Inc.

109.2m x 17.8m x 6.3m

5,463 GT

2,823 GT

St. Ezekiel Moreno

Negros Navigation Co.

140.9m x 22.4m x 8.0m

5,342 GT

7,041 GT

Filipinas

Compania Maritima

121.0m x 18.1m x 9.7m

4,997 GT

4,997 GT

Trans-Asia 5

TASLI

114.8m x 19.0m x 9.6m

4,790 GT

3,864 GT

Philippine Princess

Sulpicio Lines Inc.

130.9m x 16.8m x 5.2m

4,717 GT

4,957 GT

Sweet RORO

Sweet Lines Inc.

117.5m x 20.6m x 6.1m

4,700 GT

4,619 GT

Sweet RORO 2

Sweet Lines Inc.

120.8m x 20.3m x 5.4m

4,693 GT

4,634 GT

Sweet Baby

Sweet Lines Inc.

125.6m x 19.6m x 6.1m

4,545 GT

4,362 GT

Princess of Negros

Negros Navigation Co.

118.9m x 20.6m x 11.2m

4,494 GT

4,700 GT

Our Lady of Medjugorje

CAGLI

123.0m x 18.0m x 12.3m

4,435 GT

3,764 GT

Masbate I

William Lines Inc.

104.6m x 20.0m, 5.4m

4,412 GT

3,350 GT

Dona Virginia

William Lines Inc.

143.5m x 16.8m, 6.5m

4,395 GT

4,990 GT

Our Lady of Sacred Heart

CAGLI

123.0m x 18.0m, 12.3m

4,388 GT

3,511 GT

Sta. Florentina

Negros Navigation Co.

118.9m x 20.6m x 4.8m

4,343 GT

4,445 GT

The Blessed Mother

MBRS Lines

94.7m x 16.2m x 6.3m

4,311 GT

2,399 GT

Manila Princess

Sulpicio Lines Inc.

123.0m x 19.6m x 5.3m

4,149 GT

4.149 GT

Our Lady of Naju

CAGLI

111.4m x 13.9m x 6.2m

4,067 GT

3,123 GT

Butuan Bay 1

CAGLI

114.8m x 19.0m x 9.6m

7,320 GT

3,864 GT

Princess of the Earth

Sulpicio Lines Inc.

110.0m x 19.0m x 11.7m

3,998 GT

3,686 GT

Asia China

TASLI

100.0m x 17.3m x 5.8m

3,991 GT

3,512 GT

Iloilo Princess

Sulpicio Lines Inc.

111.5m x 15.2m x 8.9m

3,935 GT

3,800 GT

Sampaguita Ferry 2

Sampaguita Shipping

100.0m x 16.2m x 7.0m

3,924 GT

3,941 GT

Ozamis Bay 1

CAGLI

130.3m x 20.0m x 13.7m

3,872 GT

4,545 GT

Trans-Asia

TASLI

94.0m x 17.7m x 4.2m

3,797 GT

3,025 GT

Dipolog Princess

Sulpicio Lines Inc.

112.2m x 15.2m x 4.8m

3,786 GT

3,510 GT

Princess of the Caribbean

Sulpicio Lines Inc.

110.5m x 15.2m x 6.2m

3,767 GT

3,553 GT

Dona Marilyn (1)

Sulpicio Lines Inc.

104.0m x 15.0m

3,503 GT

3,265 GT

Tacloban Princess

Sulpicio Lines Inc.

98.3m x 19.2m x 5.9m

3,351 GT

2,664 GT

Lady Mary Joy 2

Aleson Shipping Lines

122.0m x 19.6m x 6.5m

3,330 GT

3,330 GT

Love – 1

Moreta Shipping Lines

93.m x 15.3m x 6.0m

3,184 GT

2,584 GT

Filipinas Butuan

CAGLI

79.8m x 14.3m x 4.8m

3,086 GT

1,867 GT

Filipinas Iligan

CAGLI

79.6m x 14.3m x 4.8m

3,084 GT

1,867 GT

Mary The Queen (1)

MBRS Lines

104.5m x 15.9m x 4.4m

2,998 GT

2,998 GT

Manila City

William Lines Inc.

106.3m x 14.0m x 6.2m

2,961 GT

2,998 GT

Trans-Asia 3

TASLI

110.0m x 16.0m x 0.6m

2,908 GT

2,182 GT

St. Ignatius of Loyola

Cebu Ferries Corp.

104. 6m x 16.2m x 11.5m

2,825 GT

1,887 GT

Officially, of all our liners of the past that are under 10,000gt, the “biggest”, bar none, was the small liner SuperFerry 3 of Aboitiz Shipping Corporation. She “beats” the big liners St. Michael The Archangel, the biggest ever ship of Negros Navigation before the arrival of St. Francis Xavier. She also beats in size the big liners Princess of the World, Mabuhay 3, Mary Queen of Peace, the Our Lady of Akita and the sisters ships St. Peter The Apostle and St. Joseph The Worker. All of this liners she beat measures over 150 meters in length. What a feat for a liner of just 118 meters length! A candidate for “Ripley’s Believe It Or Not”.

6205980682_bb182e5088_z

Photo credits: AeroEye Asia, Jojo Mariano and James Gabriel Verallo

The second surprise here is St. Michael The Archangel just measuring only half of the GTs of her sister ships St. Leo The Great, St. Gregory The Great and St. Francis Xavier at 9,654gt. However, under 2GO that has been remedied already and the newly declared GT is 17,781 and that is already within the range of her sister ships.

At 150+ meters length it seems the GT of a liner can be around 15,000. That can be gleaned in the following examples: St. Pope John Paul II, St. Therese of the Child Jesus, SuperFerry 17, SuperFerry 18, Princess of the Universe, Princess of Paradise, Princess of New Unity, Princess of the Orient, Manila Bay 1, Subic Bay 1 and Filipina Princess. Well, if a liner in the 130 meter class can already exceed 10,000gt that might be correct. Like SuperFerry 2, SuperFerry 5, Cagayan Bay 1 which exceeded that and SuperFerry 1 which nearly so.

4191679802_1d16e2b074_z

Earlier known as Sta. Ana (Photo by Rodney Orca)

Before St. Michael The Archangel came, the biggest ship ever in the history of Negros Navigation was the small liner Sta. Ana which was just 107 meters in length. How can that be when the sister ships St. Peter The Apostle and St. Joseph The Worker were both over 40 meters longer than her and the Mary The Queen was even longer? And to think Sta. Ana was never a flagship in Negros Navigation. Was there anybody that raised within MARINA the seeming incongruity?

The two Mary’s, Mary Queen of Peace and Mary The Queen were next to each other in the list. But their length difference is over 20 meters and the breadth of the Romblon Shipping Lines vessel was even shorter.

There are some surprises for me as regards to rank like Princess of the Ocean and Super Shuttle RORO 3. At 120 meters plus the two are already 7,000 plus GT (and this is consistent with liners over 130 meters that were over 10,000 GT) and well ahead of other established liners. The Princess of the Ocean basically functioned as an overnight ferry-RORO. That also goes true for the Our Lady of Lipa which is nearly 7,000gt at that same length range.

8741792933_cb4aba4260_z

Princess of the Ocean by Mike Baylon

San Paolo and Zamboanga City at 118 and 117 meters, respectively at nearly 6,000gt were remarkable. They are right there in size than many Negros Navigation liners that are bigger than them in reality. That is also true for Mabuhay 6 at 109 meters. It seems their GT’s were correct.

Who can believe that at 114 meters Trans-Asia 5 is “bigger” than many established liners that are longer than her? I can say the same for Masbate I which is right there with many established liners at just 104 meters length. Ditto for the very “thin” Our Lady of Naju with a breadth of only 13.9 meters.

The sister ships Filipinas Butuan and Filipinas Iligan are also surprises for me. At just 70 meters each imagine joining this list and even ahead of the much longer Trans-Asia 3. Meanwhile the new series of Cebu Ferries are dubious in GT. At their lengths, imagine all three are all below 3,000gt. Well, for the sub-100 meters in length the GT of The Blessed Mother is the highest at 4,311.

4874777178_82508fa731_z

The Blessed Mother by Nat Pagayonan

Peruse all you can the list. And see the other measurements that are clearly incongruent if one remembers their differing sizes. And also see the GT decreases while structures were added. Maybe they were sent to the MARINA “drying kiln” and so they “shrunk”.

Then tell me if GT measurements make sense here in the Philippines. And if MARINA knows how to compute GTs.

Advertisements

The MV St. Leo The Great

The MV St. Leo The Great of

  • The MV St. Leo The Great of 2GO Travel shipping company was the MV SuperFerry 21 of Aboitiz Transport System (ATS) when she arrived in the Philippines in 2010. She was renamed when she passed on to 2GO Travel in 2012 when Negros Navigation Company (NENACO) and cohorts acquired Aboitiz Transport System. MV SuperFerry 21 arrived here just after MV SuperFerry 20 which was a sister ship. Both came from Kansai Kisen Kaisha, a big, respected and old Japan shipping company. Over a higher bid of a South Korean concern, the two were awarded to ATS because they respected this company’s care and ability to properly maintain their ships. The two sister ships were purchased for a reported $8 million only.

The MV St. Leo The Great was known as the MV Sun Flower Nishiki in Japan. She was built by Kanasashi Shipbuiding (Kanasashi Heavy Industries) in Toyohashi shipyard in 1992 (now Toyohashi Shipbuilding Company). Her keel was laid on May 13, 1992. She was launched in September 6, 1992 and completed in December 15, 1992. As built, she measured 150.9 meters in length over-all (LOA), with a breadth of 25.0 meters. The over-all volume of the ship expressed in gross tonnage (GT) is 9,611. Her carrying capacity expressed in deadweight tons (DWT) is 3,520 tons. She is powered by two Hitachi-Sulzer marine diesel engines (Sulzer engines built under license by Hitachi) developing 25,200 horsepower and her top speed was 22 knots.

The ship was issued the permanent ID IMO 9042764. Her other identification for AIS (Automatic Identification System) purposes is MMSI 548398100. She has a single mast, a single funnel, two passenger decks, a bulbous stem and a transom stern. Equipped with visor ramp at the bow and two quarter-stern ramps and two car decks she is hence a RORO (Roll-on, Roll-off) ship of about 180 TEU capacity. As built, her passenger accommodations in two decks are all-airconditioned. On the bridge deck are the accommodations for the crew, the radio room and airconditioning equipment.

When she came to the Philippines, she was first brought to the Keppel Batangas shipyard for refitting and modification. Since she came in the era when passenger patronage of liners was already ebbing there was not an attempt to increase her passenger capacity by much. Hence, her superstructure was no longer changed but cabins and bunks were erected to make her a multi-day liner. The cafeteria stayed pretty much the same along with the staircase. Although this ship has plenty of viewing deck space in the top deck, inside there was really not much room and amenities when compared to our great liners in the past. Having only two decks for the passengers contributes pretty much to that (the great liners of the past had up to four passenger decks). Her passenger capacity as modified here is only 859 persons which is just about a third of the great Philippine liners of the previous decades.

Here, amazingly, her gross tonnage climbed to 19,468 but her net tonnage (NT) is only 5,840 and that is a violation of the IMO rule that the NT should be automatically 1/3 of the GT, at least. With such GT, she rightfully belonged to the book “The Great Passenger Ships of the World” by Raoul Fiebig, Frank Heine and Frank Lose released just this year (2016). She is one of the few Philippine liners in that book, the photo of which was contributed by Philippine Ship Spotters Society (PSSS). Her DWT, meanwhile, remained the same. However, her rated speed now is down to 20 knots which is still fast by local standards. She is a very reliable ship. And she still has all-airconditioned accommodations.

Boarding the ship, one first comes across the upper wagon deck and a stair leads to the lower passenger deck. Here, a grand staircase connects the two passenger decks and opposite that is the front desk, the office of the Hotel Manager and a convenience store. In the lower passenger deck the restaurant cum cafeteria dominates. Aside from meals included in the ticket, the passengers have an option to have separate meals and they can order extra. The restaurant is open almost 24 hours and various kinds of foods and refreshments can be ordered. The restaurant also serves as the lounge of the ship.

Since the ship is all-airconditioned, the lowest class in the ship is the MegaValue which corresponds to airconditioned Economy. These are mostly concentrated in the middle portion behind the restaurant and in some parts of the sides and rear of the lower passenger deck. There is of course the usual Tourist class and this is mainly located at the sides of the first passenger deck with some in the upper passenger deck. The higher classes of this ship are located in the upper passenger deck. These consists of Cabin for 4, State Room for 2 and Suite Room for 2. Suite is the highest class but State Room is not far behind in comfort and size. In those two accommodations one has to pay for the entire room.

At the bridge level is the viewing deck for all the passengers. The forward half of that is off limits to the passengers and that is the reason why one can’t have a peek of the bridge. They also shoo all passengers from that area when the night gets deep. Lacking facilities for sitting, it is hard to stay long there or when the sun is already hot. Because of that, I still prefer the traditional viewing deck at the side of the ship but that is not available in MV St. Leo The Great. In St. Leo The Great, it is easy to get bored if one is not a sleeper because there is not much area for passengers to roam and amenities are lacking compared to the great liners of the past decades.

Originally, as MV SuperFerry 21 she was assigned the Manila-Zamboanga-General Santos-Davao route together with the MV SuperFerry 20. However, in about a year Aboitiz Transport System abandoned their Southern Mindanao liner routes. She was then assigned the Nasipit route of the company via Tagbilaran. Even when she became the MV St. Leo The Great of 2GO Travel her often route is still Nasipit but the intermediate port changes. Right now, her intermediate port is Cebu and that will probably stay for a long time since 2GO realized there is not much passengers and cargo in Tagbilaran now.

Aside from MV SuperFerry 20/St. Gregory The Great which is now gone (she grounded taking a shortcut and is now broken up), she also has two sister ships in the 2GO fleet, the MV St. Michael The Archangel and the MV St. Francis Xavier (this should not be confused with the earlier MV St. Francis of Assisi of Negros Navigation). However, those two ships were not built by Kanasashi Shipbuilding but by Shin Kurushima Dockyard (yes, sister ships can be built by different shipbuilders in different yards).

Having come from the great Kansai Kisen Kaisha of Japan and Aboitiz Transport System, MV St. Leo The Great still has great engines and a strong hull. With sufficient care, this ship is capable of sailing for many more years, knock on wood.